In 2013 the Transparency Directive was amended to include the requirement that issuers prepare their annual financial reports in one electronic reporting format. ESMA (The European Securities and Markets Authority) was tasked with developing the regulatory technical standards (RTS) specifying the format. What they came up with was ESEF, or the European Single Electronic Format.
Beginning with the financial year of 2020, all publicly listed companies under EU rules are required to prepare their annual financial reports in ESEF.
An iXBRL file consists of two layers – a visual and a technical layer, which are then combined into a single file. At ParsePort we can do this with a wide range of different file types, although the most common is an Excel file containing the financial statement of your annual report combined with a PDF containing the glossy version of the same annual report.
At ParsePort we ourselves report in XBRL and iXBRL to the Danish authorities, who then publish it in a publicly available database. This means, that you can find the information here. All you need to do is scroll down to the menu item titled Financial Statements. Once there, you can use our annual financial statements from the past years to get an idea of how an annual report looks in both PDF, XBRL and iXBRL.
When we created our own iXBRL report we used the XBRL version of our financial report along with the glossy PDF version.
Contrary to what many people believe, an ESEF report is not one single file. An annual financial report in ESEF should contain the .xhtml report along with a “taxonomy package” containing technical information on the mathematical relationships and extensions. This is why an ESEF report is delivered in a .zip file.
Your ESEF report should always be distributed as a .zip package rather, as this does not need to be unzipped. This is also how you should submit the file to your OAM (Officially Appointed Mechanism), and how you should host it on your homepage.
When you receive an ESEF package from us, we also include a .html version of your report. The reason we include this file, is that we include an ESEF viewer within that file, so you can view your tagged iXBRL file in your prefered web browser. When you open the .html file a window in the right side of your browser will allow you to alter the Display Options, so you can highlight entries and then use the left/right arrows on your keyboard to scroll through the XBRL tags embedded in the file.
This file is something we provide so you can see what the final result looks like in an easy way. It is not a part of your ESEF compliance and should not be submitted to your OAM, but it is ideal for hosting on your website, so your visitors can access it without advanced software able to consume ESEF reports.
Do note, that loading the .xhtml and .html files in your browser may take several minutes depending on the performance of your computer as the files are rather large.
The detailed provisions of the European Single Electronic Format (ESEF) are contained within the Reporting Technical Standards (RTS) on ESEF which are included in the Final Report on the RTS on ESEF.